Resources for Apple Consumers & Growers

History and Process of Apple Growing in Western North Carolina

View Video about Apple Growing in Western NC Enjoy NC Apples - NC Apple Festival Video - Learn About NC Apples View Video about the NC Apple Festival


WNC Agricultural Center
The Western North Carolina (WNC)Agricultural Center is owned by the STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA and operated by the NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & CONSUMER SERVICES.
(828) 687-1414


Apple Kit Cover & Intro
Cover, Introduction and Table of Contents for the NC Apple Educational Kit - Elementary (K-5)

Apple Kit Resources
Apple Educational Kit Resources, including Apple Glossary, Media Resources, Pamphlets and Booklets, Filmstrips, Videos, Websites, and Other Resources.

Also includes the Answer Key for all the NC Educational Kit course studies/tools.

Communication Skills: 3-5
Communication skills for 3-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:

Apple Spelling Bee
Comparing and Contrasting
Apple Phrases
Scrambled Apple Names
Apple Communication Web

Communication Skills: K-2
Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study for Communications (K-2) and includes:

Apple Words
Apple Phrases
The Taste of Apples
Apple Communication Web
Apple Accordion-Fold Book
Scrambled Apple Names
Apple Quotes
Apple Journals
Apple Cinquain

Crop Protectants: Science K-5
Science for K-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:

Apple Pest, Disease, and Predators
Apple Disease Pests Photos
Monitoring Apple Orchards for Pest, Disease, and Predators
Most Commonly Used Crop Protectants
Activities: Apple Pests, Disease, and Predators
Apple Pest Management Scouting Form

Healthy Living: K-5
Materials on Healthy Living for K-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:

Apples Help in Major Health Areas
Apple Nutrition Facts (by the dozen)
Nutrition Facts Wall Chart
Nearly 1/2 of Crop Grown for Processing
Apple Cider
Some Hints about Cooking with Apples
Let’s Get Cooking
Foods made from Apples

Honeybees: A Resource Guide for Teachers
A resource guide for teachers about honeybees; meets NC Standard Course of Study and includes:

The Order of the Hive
The Life of the Queen
Work With Eggs
What’s In a Name
Buzzy the Worker Bee
World Of Beedom
What Buzzy Bee Looks Like
Main Body Parts of a Honeybee
Mouth: Like a Straw
Honey Stomach
Wax Glands
Pollen Baskets
Have Stinger will Travel
The Difference between Honeybees and Yellowjackets
House Bees
Nurse Bees
Field Bees
The Bottom Line: Worker Bee Jobs
Lifespan: Worker Bee
Summary: All the Jobs
Dancing & Swarming
A Reproductive Act
Poolinated by Bees Everywhere
What Kinds of Flowers do Honeybees Like
Pollination: How it Works
Pollination: How Important is it to Us
Beekeepers: Managers of the Hive
Enemies of Honeybees
Crop Protectants
Bees Starve Before They Will Freeze
Some Blossoms Are Poisonous
Honeybees Resources

Math: 3-5
Math for 3-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:

Math Activities - Symmetry
Math Activities - Apple Fractions
Apple Math Tasks
Apple Graph Sheet

Math: K-2
Math K-2; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study

Apple Math Problems
Same Shapes
Apple Graph Sheet
Apple Pie Center
Bee Hive Math

Science: 3-5
Science 3-5; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:

Pomology has its roots in apple growing.
Apple Tree Grafting
The Apple Blossom
Apple Blossom Fill in the Blanks
The Apple Tree
Experiment: How Apple Trees Get Fed
The Cell Density of an Apple
Soaking Up the Sun’s Rays - Apple Tree Leaves
Checking Water Loss in Apples
Controlled Atmosphere Storage
Apple Parts
Apple Parts Fill in the Banks
Seed Color

Science: K-2
Science K-2; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:
The Apple Blossom
Apple Parts
Apple Parts Fill in the Blanks
Tree Parts
Soaking Up the Sun’s Rays: Apple Tree Leaves

Social Studies: K-5
Social studies for students K-5; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study
Enjoy NC Apples
Apple Producing Areas of NC (map)
Popular North Carolina Apples
Who Am I?
My Favorite NC Apple
My Favorite NC Apple Testing Chart
Apple Sources
Produce Picture
Apple Buying Tips
Price Lookup Code
Storage Tips
The Four Seasons of NC Apples
The Apple Seasons
The Apple Industry in Henderson County Then and Now
Brushy Mountain Apple History
Family Tree
A Trip to the Apple Orchard
Ideas for a Field Trip
NC Apple Producing Counties
Major Apple Growing States

Stories, Poems, and Music: K-5
Stories, poems and music for K-5 students; meets with NC Standard Course of Study and includes:

Johnny Appleseed a Pioneer and a Legend 1774-1845
Johnny Appleseed Activities
Johnny Appleseed Sentence Strips
Little Red Apple House (poem)
Apple Tunes (song)
Apple Song (to Bingo)
Have You Ever Had an Apple? (song)
Sipping Cider (song)
Spring’s Promise (poem)
The Apple Tree (poem)
Here is the Beehive (fingerplay)

Visual Arts: K-5
Visual Arts for K-5 Students including Apple Puppets, Holiday Decorations with Apples, Apple Orchard (Bulletin Board), Dried Apple Wreath, "I'm Good to the Core!" (certificate), Apple Clip Art #1, and Apple Clip Art #2.


Apple Cycle Sequencing Cards for Children
A paper showing apple cycles that can be cut out and used as cards.

Apple Tree Life Cycle Folder
A paper cutout for children that will create a pocket to put in a book and will hold cards.

Apple Vocabulary Book
A paper cutout activity for children.

Appleman Coloring Page
Coloring page for children related to Apples.

Chart: Parts of an Apple Blossom
Chart shows that flowers have many parts that are crucial to the formation of apples.

Craft Instructions for Apple Tree Through the Seasons
A craft project for students.

Craft: Apple Shaped Mini Books
A paper cutout project for children from

Game: How Many Seeds in an Apple
A paper cutout activity for children.

Games: Apple Word Scramble, Help the Appleman Find the Path
Games: Apple Word Scramble, Help the Appleman Find the Path

Guide for Teachers "Apples: A Class Act" Grades 4-6
Published by the U.S. Apple Association, this teacher's guide offers suggestions for activities for a series of lessons about apples (6 pages, Grades: 4-6)

Guide for Teachers "Apples: A Class Act" Grades K-3
A teacher's guide to stimulate activities for children kindergarten through 3rd grade to learn about apples.

Guide to Farm Field Trips for Farmers and Teachers
Published by the Appalachian Sustainable Agriculture Project, this guide is for farmers and teachers to help in stimulating and planning farm field trips.

Johnny Appleseed Fact or Fiction Mini Book
A paper cutout activity for children.

Johnny Appleseed Presentation
A 10-slide PowerPoint presentation by Juliette Lambert, Linda Ross and Janet Carlson on the history of Johnny Appleseed that is aimed at children.

Living on an Apple Orchard: Teacher Guide for Activities
Farm-to-Table Apples: Suggestions for teachers on activities to stimulate students' interest in agricuture, especially apples.

The Apple Wise Guys Coloring Book
Published by the U.S. Apple Association, the coloring book gives information about apples and pictures for children to color.

The Life Cycles of an Apple Tree
A document that breaks down the life cycle of an apple tree by the seasons of the year, and gives a suggested activity for children.


Apple Nutrition Facts
Nutritional Value of One medium Apple (*2-1/2 inch apple, fresh, raw, with skin)

Calories 81
Carbohydrate 21 grams
Dietary Fiber 4 grams
Soluble Fiber
Insoluble fiber
Calcium 10 mg
Phosphorus 10 mg
Iron .25 mg
Sodium 0.00 mg
Potassium 159 mg
Vitamin C 8 mg
Vitamin A 73 IU
Folate 4 mcg

*The nutritional value of apples will vary slightly depending on the variety and size.

Source: USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory -- Apple

Apples: The Next Super Fruit
(March 31, 2010) A new national survey of 1,021 chief household shoppers across the nation conducted for the US Apple Association by, shows people think of apples as the next superfruit. It is an accessible, value-priced, nutritional energy source on par with blueberries and pomegranates.

Apples: Nutritional Powerhouse
We're told that an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but what exactly are the health benefits of apples?

Here are ten reasons to heed the advice of that old proverb.

Bone Protection
French researchers found that a flavanoid called phloridzin that is found only in apples may protect post-menopausal women from osteoporosis and may also increase bone density. Boron, another ingredient in apples, also strengthens bones.

Asthma Help
One recent study shows that children with asthma who drank apple juice on a daily basis suffered from less wheezing than children who drank apple juice only once per month. Another study showed that children born to women who eat a lot of apples during pregnancy have lower rates of asthma than children whose mothers ate few apples.

Alzheimer's Prevention
A study on mice at Cornell University found that the quercetin in apples may protect brain cells from the kind of free radical damage that may lead to Alzheimer's disease.

Lower Cholesterol
The pectin in apples lowers LDL ("bad") cholesterol. People who eat two apples per day may lower their cholesterol by as much as 16 percent.

Lung Cancer Prevention
According to a study of 10,000 people, those who ate the most apples had a 50 percent lower risk of developing lung cancer. Researchers believe this is due to the high levels of the flavonoids quercetin and naringin in apples.

Breast Cancer Prevention
A Cornell University study found that rats who ate one apple per day reduced their risk of breast cancer by 17 percent. Rats fed three apples per day reduced their risk by 39 percent and those fed six apples per day reduced their risk by 44 percent.

Colon Cancer Prevention
One study found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 43 percent lower risk of colon cancer. Other research shows that the pectin in apples reduces the risk of colon cancer and helps maintain a healthy digestive tract.

Liver Cancer Prevention
Research found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 57 percent lower risk of liver cancer.

Diabetes Management
The pectin in apples supplies galacturonic acid to the body which lowers the body's need for insulin and may help in the management of diabetes.

Weight Loss
A Brazilian study found that women who ate three apples or pears per day lost more weight while dieting than women who did not eat fruit while dieting.

Food Guide Pyramid
USDA offers personalized eating plans and interactive tools to help you plan and assess your food choices based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Glossary of Nutrition Terms

These substances are found in fruits and vegetables and help guard our bodies against "free radicals" — highly reactive molecules that may damage healthy cells. Antioxidants include vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and selenium. Fruits and vegetables also contain hundreds of natural plant-based compounds, or phytochemicals, many of which have antioxidant capacity.

DV %

Percent of the Daily Value, or the amount of a nutrient present in a serving of food/beverage expressed as a percentage of the recommended daily intake of the nutrient by the FDA. Although separate Daily Values are established for children under 4 years of age and for 2,500-calorie diets, the label generally expresses the Daily Value for a 2,000-calorie diet.


Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain two types of dietary fiber, soluble and insoluble.

Soluble Fiber

The type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water and turns to gel during digestion — which helps to slow digestion and the rate of nutrient absorption and helps maintain regularity. The soluble fiber in apple is called pectin. Soluble fiber may help regulate blood sugar levels and has a favorable effect on blood cholesterol, which may reduce the risk of heart disease.*

Insoluble Fiber

The type of dietary fiber that gives structure to plant cell walls. This bulky fiber speeds the passage of foods through the digestive tract and is important for maintaining regularity.


Plant-based compounds that may confer health benefits beyond normal nutrition through their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory or other mechanisms. Many of the bright colors, flavors and aromas in fruits and vegetables come from phytonutrients.


Chemical substances found in plants that research indicates may have antioxidant characteristics with potential health benefits. They may also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.


An electrolyte and mineral that plays a major role in maintaining fluid and acid-base balance and assists in regulating neuromuscular activity.


One of the hundreds of phytonutrients in the flavonoid class, quercetin is thought to have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Apples are a natural source of quercetin and have higher levels than many other fruits (approx. 4.42 mg/100 g fresh apple**). Other sources include red grapes, onions and tea.

Vitamin C

A water-soluble vitamin that acts as an antioxidant. Vitamin C helps to promote a healthy immune system and plays a role in skin and cartilage formation. Other sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits, tomatoes, peppers, broccoli, leafy vegetables and strawberries.

Diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and rich in fruits, vegetables and grain products that contain some types of dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber, may reduce the risk of heart disease, a disease associated with many factors.

** USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods. March 2003.

Growing a Healthier You . . .
A spring 2010 publication
“Growing a Healthier You, Nutrition from the Farm to Your Table” is available at
Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

NC Fruit & Veggies Nutrition Coalition
The North Carolina Fruits & Veggies Nutrition Coalition provides a forum for members to share ideas and resources to better plan and implement fruit and vegetable programs at the state and local level. Members come from government, academia, industry, media and other non-profit and private organizations.

The coalition was formed in 1996 as the NC 5 a Day Coalition. When the Dietary Guidelines for Americans were released in 2005, the recommendations for fruits and vegetables no longer reflected five servings per day. As a result, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Produce for Better Health Foundation worked together to develop a new campaign promoting fruits and vegetables, Fruits & Veggies – More Matters®. The Coalition updated its name in 2007 to support both this new campaign and the Eat Smart, More More North Carolina movement, which emphasizes enjoying more fruits and vegetables as one of its seven key messages.

Red Delicious Apples Have Most Antioxidants

USDA Food & Nutrition Info Center
Online searchable USDA Nutrient Database including the nutrient content of raw, dried, frozen, dehydrated, canned or stewed apples.


NC Biotechnology Center
Agricultural biotechnology is the application of biotechnology to agriculture. Agriculture is one of North Carolina's largest industries.

The agricultural sector brings $70.8 billion to North Carolina each year, which accounts for 19 percent of the state's income. Across the state, approximately 644,000, people, or 19 percent of the workforce are part of the agriculture business.

More than 60 agricultural biotechnology-related companies employ at least 4,000 people in the state.

Agricultural industry leaders in overalls and big tractors now partner with scientists in lab coats who employ tools of biotechnology to find new ways to compete in a global marketplace.

About one in every five North Carolinians still works in a job related to agriculture – plant and animal. Agriculture contributes $59 billion a year to the state’s economy, or one-fifth of its income. This year biotechnology is improving North Carolina agriculture by boosting food and fiber production by more than 86 million pounds, improving farm income by $82 million and reducing pesticide use by more than 3.5 million pounds.

Source: NC Biotechnology Center
(919) 541-9366


2010 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet
Facts about Apple Commodity Insurance provided by United States Department of Agriculture


WNC Farmers Market
Market: Open 7 days a week all year round
Office: 8:00 am to 5:00pm Monday through Friday

The public is invited to come here and enjoy the atmosphere and character of the mountains. Admission is FREE.

Product Specifications:
Locally grown fresh fruits & produce in-season

Special Services:
Restaurant serving farm fresh produce Garden Center- plants and garden supplies Mountain crafts & gifts available
(828) 253-1691


Entrepreneur Assistance Program for Food Processors
Help is available for you from the Entrepreneur Assistance Program, whether you only have an idea, are just starting up, or have already established a food-based business. From small, cottage-type industries to large processing plants, there is a variety of assistance available.


Food Safety Certification Program & Courses
Introduction to HACCP, GMPs, SSOPs, Food Sanitation, Microbiological Foodborne Hazards and Risk Analysis / Hazard Analysis in Food Safety are online food safety courses being taught by the Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences. These online courses are offered in a two-tier approach, leading to a HACCP Coordinators Certificate and a Food Safety Managers Certificate. The courses may also be taken on an individual, as needed basis.
(919) 515-2956

Food Safety Workshops & Training

Gateway to Federal Food Safety Info

NCDA&CS Food & Drug Protection
NCDA&CS Food and Drug Protection Division and partner agencies are committed to keeping your food supply as safe as possible.

The Food & Drug Protection Division is responsible for the inspection of food manufacturing facilities, wholesale food operations, and retail food outlets including seafood markets. The facilities are inspected utilizing the North Carolina Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and adopted regulations. Operators of facilities found to be in violation of the Act are subject to civil and/or criminal penalties. Additionally, products found be adulterated or suspected of being adulterated may be placed under State embargo. If during the course of an inspection it is determined through samples or visual observations that adulterated products have been distributed, a public health advisement may be issued by the Department to warn the public of the risk associated with consumption/use of these products.

Talkiing About Juice Safety: What You Need to Know

Tips for Fresh Produce Safety


NC Dept. of Agriculture & Consumer Services-Marketing Div.
Government sponsored marketing services available, including the "Goodness Grows in North Carolina" promotion.
(828) 253-1691

U.S. Dept. of Agriculture
The USDA is a federal agency that oversees all agricultural endeavors in the United States.
(202) 720-2791


WNC AgOptions
Annual Project providing funding to Western NC farmers for Farm Diversification, Expansion and Demonstration
(828) 649-2411


Pesticides: Science & Policy
Meta Data: The field used to represent apple production in North Carolina is located in Henderson County, in Western North Carolina. According to the 1997 Census of Agriculture, North Carolina is among the major producers of apples (7th to 8th overall) in the U.S., and is one of the southern most production areas. There are four primary apple production areas in western North Carolina, all long-term perennial regions, grown on a variety of soils, in different climate regions. Henderson County produces between 60 to 70 percent of the apple crop. Within row tree spacing depends on the root stock and cultivation method. Spacing ranges from as little as 5 feet to 25 feet. Row spacing may be as much as twice the within row spacing to allow for maintenance and harvesting equipment. The soil selected to simulate the field is a benchmark soil, Hayesville loam. Hayesville loam, is a fine, kaolinitic, mesic, Typic Kanhapludults. About one-half of these soils are under cultivation in corn, small grains, pasture, hayland, tobacco, vegetables, and Christmas trees. Hayesville loam is a very deep, well drained, moderately rapid permeable soil with slow to high runoff depending on slope. These soils formed in residuum weathered from igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks. They are found on gently sloping to very steep ridges and side slopes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. They are located at elevations from 100 to 4000 feet above mean sea level on slopes of 2 to 60. The series is of large extent in the mountain areas of lower South. Hayesville loam is a Hydrologic Group C soil.


Appalachian Sustainable Agriculture Project (ASAP)
ASAP's mission is to help local farms thrive, link farmers to markets and supporters, and build healthy communities through connections to local food.
(828) 236-1282

NC Cooperative Extension - Henderson County
Henderson County Center gives our county's residents easy access to the resources and expertise of NC State University and NC A&T State University. Through educational programs, publications, and events, Cooperative Extension agents deliver unbiased, research-based information to Henderson County citizens. We can answer your questions on a wide array of topics. To find out how we can help you, browse our site or contact us by email or phone.
(828) 697-4891

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