WNC Agricultural Center The Western North Carolina (WNC)Agricultural Center is owned by the STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA and operated by the NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE & CONSUMER SERVICES. (828) 687-1414
APPLE EDUCATION KIT - NC K-5
Apple Kit Cover & Intro Cover, Introduction and Table of Contents for the NC Apple Educational Kit - Elementary (K-5)
Apple Kit Resources Apple Educational Kit Resources, including Apple Glossary, Media Resources, Pamphlets and Booklets, Filmstrips, Videos, Websites, and Other Resources.
Also includes the Answer Key for all the NC Educational Kit course studies/tools.
Apple Pest, Disease, and Predators Apple Disease Pests Photos Monitoring Apple Orchards for Pest, Disease, and Predators Most Commonly Used Crop Protectants Activities: Apple Pests, Disease, and Predators Apple Pest Management Scouting Form
Healthy Living: K-5 Materials on Healthy Living for K-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:
Apples Help in Major Health Areas Apple Nutrition Facts (by the dozen) Nutrition Facts Wall Chart Nearly 1/2 of Crop Grown for Processing Apple Cider Some Hints about Cooking with Apples Let’s Get Cooking Foods made from Apples
The Order of the Hive The Life of the Queen Work With Eggs What’s In a Name Buzzy the Worker Bee World Of Beedom What Buzzy Bee Looks Like Main Body Parts of a Honeybee Mouth: Like a Straw Wings Honey Stomach Wax Glands Pollen Baskets Have Stinger will Travel The Difference between Honeybees and Yellowjackets House Bees Nurse Bees Field Bees The Bottom Line: Worker Bee Jobs Lifespan: Worker Bee Summary: All the Jobs Dancing & Swarming A Reproductive Act Poolinated by Bees Everywhere What Kinds of Flowers do Honeybees Like Pollination: How it Works Pollination: How Important is it to Us Beekeepers: Managers of the Hive Enemies of Honeybees Crop Protectants Bees Starve Before They Will Freeze Some Blossoms Are Poisonous Honeybees Resources
Math: 3-5 Math for 3-5 students; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:
Math Activities - Symmetry Math Activities - Apple Fractions Apple Math Tasks Apple Graph Sheet
Math: K-2 Math K-2; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study
Apple Math Problems Same Shapes Apple Graph Sheet Apple Pie Center Bee Hive Math
Science: 3-5 Science 3-5; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes:
Pomology has its roots in apple growing. Apple Tree Grafting The Apple Blossom Apple Blossom Fill in the Blanks The Apple Tree Experiment: How Apple Trees Get Fed The Cell Density of an Apple Soaking Up the Sun’s Rays - Apple Tree Leaves Checking Water Loss in Apples Controlled Atmosphere Storage Apple Parts Apple Parts Fill in the Banks Seed Color
Science: K-2 Science K-2; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study and includes: The Apple Blossom Apple Parts Apple Parts Fill in the Blanks Tree Parts Soaking Up the Sun’s Rays: Apple Tree Leaves
Social Studies: K-5 Social studies for students K-5; Meets North Carolina Standard Course of Study Enjoy NC Apples Apple Producing Areas of NC (map) Popular North Carolina Apples Who Am I? My Favorite NC Apple My Favorite NC Apple Testing Chart Apple Sources Produce Picture Apple Buying Tips Price Lookup Code Storage Tips The Four Seasons of NC Apples The Apple Seasons The Apple Industry in Henderson County Then and Now Brushy Mountain Apple History Family Tree A Trip to the Apple Orchard Ideas for a Field Trip NC Apple Producing Counties Major Apple Growing States
Johnny Appleseed a Pioneer and a Legend 1774-1845 Johnny Appleseed Activities Johnny Appleseed Sentence Strips Little Red Apple House (poem) Apple Tunes (song) Apple Song (to Bingo) Have You Ever Had an Apple? (song) Sipping Cider (song) Spring’s Promise (poem) The Apple Tree (poem) Here is the Beehive (fingerplay)
Visual Arts: K-5 Visual Arts for K-5 Students including Apple Puppets, Holiday Decorations with Apples, Apple Orchard (Bulletin Board), Dried Apple Wreath, "I'm Good to the Core!" (certificate), Apple Clip Art #1, and Apple Clip Art #2.
Calories 81 Carbohydrate 21 grams Dietary Fiber 4 grams Soluble Fiber Insoluble fiber Calcium 10 mg Phosphorus 10 mg Iron .25 mg Sodium 0.00 mg Potassium 159 mg Vitamin C 8 mg Vitamin A 73 IU Folate 4 mcg
*The nutritional value of apples will vary slightly depending on the variety and size.
Source: USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory -- Apple
Apples: The Next Super Fruit (March 31, 2010) A new national survey of 1,021 chief household shoppers across the nation conducted for the US Apple Association by SupermarketGuru.com, shows people think of apples as the next superfruit. It is an accessible, value-priced, nutritional energy source on par with blueberries and pomegranates.
Here are ten reasons to heed the advice of that old proverb.
Bone Protection French researchers found that a flavanoid called phloridzin that is found only in apples may protect post-menopausal women from osteoporosis and may also increase bone density. Boron, another ingredient in apples, also strengthens bones.
Asthma Help One recent study shows that children with asthma who drank apple juice on a daily basis suffered from less wheezing than children who drank apple juice only once per month. Another study showed that children born to women who eat a lot of apples during pregnancy have lower rates of asthma than children whose mothers ate few apples.
Alzheimer's Prevention A study on mice at Cornell University found that the quercetin in apples may protect brain cells from the kind of free radical damage that may lead to Alzheimer's disease.
Lower Cholesterol The pectin in apples lowers LDL ("bad") cholesterol. People who eat two apples per day may lower their cholesterol by as much as 16 percent.
Lung Cancer Prevention According to a study of 10,000 people, those who ate the most apples had a 50 percent lower risk of developing lung cancer. Researchers believe this is due to the high levels of the flavonoids quercetin and naringin in apples.
Breast Cancer Prevention A Cornell University study found that rats who ate one apple per day reduced their risk of breast cancer by 17 percent. Rats fed three apples per day reduced their risk by 39 percent and those fed six apples per day reduced their risk by 44 percent.
Colon Cancer Prevention One study found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 43 percent lower risk of colon cancer. Other research shows that the pectin in apples reduces the risk of colon cancer and helps maintain a healthy digestive tract.
Liver Cancer Prevention Research found that rats fed an extract from apple skins had a 57 percent lower risk of liver cancer.
Diabetes Management The pectin in apples supplies galacturonic acid to the body which lowers the body's need for insulin and may help in the management of diabetes.
Weight Loss A Brazilian study found that women who ate three apples or pears per day lost more weight while dieting than women who did not eat fruit while dieting.
Food Guide Pyramid USDA MyPyramid.gov offers personalized eating plans and interactive tools to help you plan and assess your food choices based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
These substances are found in fruits and vegetables and help guard our bodies against "free radicals" — highly reactive molecules that may damage healthy cells. Antioxidants include vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, and selenium. Fruits and vegetables also contain hundreds of natural plant-based compounds, or phytochemicals, many of which have antioxidant capacity.
Percent of the Daily Value, or the amount of a nutrient present in a serving of food/beverage expressed as a percentage of the recommended daily intake of the nutrient by the FDA. Although separate Daily Values are established for children under 4 years of age and for 2,500-calorie diets, the label generally expresses the Daily Value for a 2,000-calorie diet.
Fruits, vegetables and whole grains contain two types of dietary fiber, soluble and insoluble.
The type of dietary fiber that dissolves in water and turns to gel during digestion — which helps to slow digestion and the rate of nutrient absorption and helps maintain regularity. The soluble fiber in apple is called pectin. Soluble fiber may help regulate blood sugar levels and has a favorable effect on blood cholesterol, which may reduce the risk of heart disease.*
The type of dietary fiber that gives structure to plant cell walls. This bulky fiber speeds the passage of foods through the digestive tract and is important for maintaining regularity.
Plant-based compounds that may confer health benefits beyond normal nutrition through their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory or other mechanisms. Many of the bright colors, flavors and aromas in fruits and vegetables come from phytonutrients.
Chemical substances found in plants that research indicates may have antioxidant characteristics with potential health benefits. They may also reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
An electrolyte and mineral that plays a major role in maintaining fluid and acid-base balance and assists in regulating neuromuscular activity.
One of the hundreds of phytonutrients in the flavonoid class, quercetin is thought to have potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. Apples are a natural source of quercetin and have higher levels than many other fruits (approx. 4.42 mg/100 g fresh apple**). Other sources include red grapes, onions and tea.
A water-soluble vitamin that acts as an antioxidant. Vitamin C helps to promote a healthy immune system and plays a role in skin and cartilage formation. Other sources of vitamin C include citrus fruits, tomatoes, peppers, broccoli, leafy vegetables and strawberries.
Diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and rich in fruits, vegetables and grain products that contain some types of dietary fiber, particularly soluble fiber, may reduce the risk of heart disease, a disease associated with many factors.
** USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods. March 2003.
Growing a Healthier You . . . A spring 2010 publication “Growing a Healthier You, Nutrition from the Farm to Your Table” is available at www.cnpp.usda.gov/knowyourfarmer.htm. Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
NC Fruit & Veggies Nutrition Coalition The North Carolina Fruits & Veggies Nutrition Coalition provides a forum for members to share ideas and resources to better plan and implement fruit and vegetable programs at the state and local level. Members come from government, academia, industry, media and other non-profit and private organizations.
The coalition was formed in 1996 as the NC 5 a Day Coalition. When the Dietary Guidelines for Americans were released in 2005, the recommendations for fruits and vegetables no longer reflected five servings per day. As a result, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Produce for Better Health Foundation worked together to develop a new campaign promoting fruits and vegetables, Fruits & Veggies – More Matters®. The Coalition updated its name in 2007 to support both this new campaign and the Eat Smart, More More North Carolina movement, which emphasizes enjoying more fruits and vegetables as one of its seven key messages.
USDA Food & Nutrition Info Center Online searchable USDA Nutrient Database including the nutrient content of raw, dried, frozen, dehydrated, canned or stewed apples.
NC Biotechnology Center Agricultural biotechnology is the application of biotechnology to agriculture. Agriculture is one of North Carolina's largest industries.
The agricultural sector brings $70.8 billion to North Carolina each year, which accounts for 19 percent of the state's income. Across the state, approximately 644,000, people, or 19 percent of the workforce are part of the agriculture business.
More than 60 agricultural biotechnology-related companies employ at least 4,000 people in the state.
Agricultural industry leaders in overalls and big tractors now partner with scientists in lab coats who employ tools of biotechnology to find new ways to compete in a global marketplace.
About one in every five North Carolinians still works in a job related to agriculture – plant and animal. Agriculture contributes $59 billion a year to the state’s economy, or one-fifth of its income. This year biotechnology is improving North Carolina agriculture by boosting food and fiber production by more than 86 million pounds, improving farm income by $82 million and reducing pesticide use by more than 3.5 million pounds.
Source: NC Biotechnology Center (919) 541-9366
2010 Commodity Insurance Fact Sheet Facts about Apple Commodity Insurance provided by United States Department of Agriculture
WNC Farmers Market Market: Open 7 days a week all year round Office: 8:00 am to 5:00pm Monday through Friday
The public is invited to come here and enjoy the atmosphere and character of the mountains. Admission is FREE.
Product Specifications: Locally grown fresh fruits & produce in-season
Special Services: Restaurant serving farm fresh produce Garden Center- plants and garden supplies Mountain crafts & gifts available (828) 253-1691
Entrepreneur Assistance Program for Food Processors Help is available for you from the Entrepreneur Assistance Program, whether you only have an idea, are just starting up, or have already established a food-based business. From small, cottage-type industries to large processing plants, there is a variety of assistance available.
FOOD SAFETY & HANDLING
Food Safety Certification Program & Courses Introduction to HACCP, GMPs, SSOPs, Food Sanitation, Microbiological Foodborne Hazards and Risk Analysis / Hazard Analysis in Food Safety are online food safety courses being taught by the Department of Food, Bioprocessing and Nutrition Sciences. These online courses are offered in a two-tier approach, leading to a HACCP Coordinators Certificate and a Food Safety Managers Certificate. The courses may also be taken on an individual, as needed basis. (919) 515-2956
NCDA&CS Food & Drug Protection NCDA&CS Food and Drug Protection Division and partner agencies are committed to keeping your food supply as safe as possible.
The Food & Drug Protection Division is responsible for the inspection of food manufacturing facilities, wholesale food operations, and retail food outlets including seafood markets. The facilities are inspected utilizing the North Carolina Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and adopted regulations. Operators of facilities found to be in violation of the Act are subject to civil and/or criminal penalties. Additionally, products found be adulterated or suspected of being adulterated may be placed under State embargo. If during the course of an inspection it is determined through samples or visual observations that adulterated products have been distributed, a public health advisement may be issued by the Department to warn the public of the risk associated with consumption/use of these products.
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture The USDA is a federal agency that oversees all agricultural endeavors in the United States. (202) 720-2791
GRANTS - FUNDING SOURCES
WNC AgOptions Annual Project providing funding to Western NC farmers for Farm Diversification, Expansion and Demonstration (828) 649-2411
Pesticides: Science & Policy Meta Data: The field used to represent apple production in North Carolina is located in Henderson County, in Western North Carolina. According to the 1997 Census of Agriculture, North Carolina is among the major producers of apples (7th to 8th overall) in the U.S., and is one of the southern most production areas. There are four primary apple production areas in western North Carolina, all long-term perennial regions, grown on a variety of soils, in different climate regions. Henderson County produces between 60 to 70 percent of the apple crop. Within row tree spacing depends on the root stock and cultivation method. Spacing ranges from as little as 5 feet to 25 feet. Row spacing may be as much as twice the within row spacing to allow for maintenance and harvesting equipment. The soil selected to simulate the field is a benchmark soil, Hayesville loam. Hayesville loam, is a fine, kaolinitic, mesic, Typic Kanhapludults. About one-half of these soils are under cultivation in corn, small grains, pasture, hayland, tobacco, vegetables, and Christmas trees. Hayesville loam is a very deep, well drained, moderately rapid permeable soil with slow to high runoff depending on slope. These soils formed in residuum weathered from igneous and high-grade metamorphic rocks. They are found on gently sloping to very steep ridges and side slopes of the Southern Appalachian Mountains. They are located at elevations from 100 to 4000 feet above mean sea level on slopes of 2 to 60. The series is of large extent in the mountain areas of lower South. Hayesville loam is a Hydrologic Group C soil.
NC Cooperative Extension - Henderson County Henderson County Center gives our county's residents easy access to the resources and expertise of NC State University and NC A&T State University. Through educational programs, publications, and events, Cooperative Extension agents deliver unbiased, research-based information to Henderson County citizens. We can answer your questions on a wide array of topics. To find out how we can help you, browse our site or contact us by email or phone. (828) 697-4891